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Teaching/ learning in Primary and Secondary Education in Kampong Cham ,Cambodia.

About Multigrade Teaching
The project
Problem analysis
Strategy, Feasibility
About Multigrade Teaching
Guide for organizing a Multigrade Teaching workshop.


ultigrade teaching involves the teaching of children from two or more grade levels in one classroom.

Such contexts requires the employment of particular teaching methodologies and classroom administration.

Since Multigrade classes are smaller and can be established more cheaply than complete schools, they can be more numerous, therefore more dispersed and thus located closer to the settlements where the children live. This means both that younger children can attend and that the time children spend travelling between school and home can be reduced to an acceptable level. This in turn means that there is sufficient time outside school hours for the children to continue to contribute to the family's economic activity . Attending school is therefore likely to be more acceptable to the families concerned, and thus both increase the number of children receiving education and reduce the failure rate.

Multigrade schools, being smaller and more dispersed, would enjoy much closer links with the smaller communities that they would be set up to serve.

This would have a very positive effect on local attitudes and access to education.

The professional teacher is a key resource person in the Multigrade context. The local content is a significant part of the curriculum, it is particularly important to resolve the issue of appointing well-trained and locally-oriented teachers

When you have a wide range of age, ability, maturity and interests among the class, it is very important that your classroom is highly organised and structured. Everyone needs to know where to find things, how to store things, where to sit for different activities, where to put completed work etc.

The multigrade classroom may look quite different to a traditional classroom. Instead of desks in lines, all facing the chalkboard, you may see:

-Desks organised into small groupings

-A space in the centre of the room, or perhaps some marked spaces around the room where groups can sit on the floor and work

-Workstations or learning centres, where individuals and groups may go to complete activities. These will be made by the teacher and could include maths, writing, language centres, or focus on the theme being taught.

-Resources kept on shelves around the outside of the room, in boxes which are labelled to help the group identify what they need

-Boxes or folders for students work to be kept in

 -Plenty of examples of individual and group work on display

-Whatever the physical arrangement, multigrade teachers need to be flexible in their approach and their classroom space may be reorganised often.

Many teachers are worried when asked to teach a multigrade class.They don´t feel comfortable preparing for two or more grades, so they develop different programmes for the different grades.Trying to do this is very difficult to plan and manage. It would be impossible to cover all the work for each grade.


The multigrade teacher needs a strategy to help with planning so thatµ


·  One programme is created for the class, with different objectives and outcomes for different groups in the class.

·  Objectives which need to be covered in the syllabus are included and common topics are identified (over the grades).

We dont need a separate curriculum for each grade in the multigrade classroom, but

a continuum or progression of challenges in our teaching which will meet the needs of students in our class.



There is no one syllabus program for teaching multigrade.

A program needs to be developed using the new syllabus documents for Lower and Upper Primary. The new curriculum gives the teacher much greater flexibility in providing for the needs of students in their class. The objectives and suggested content areas are given, but it is up to the teacher to plan and organise the learning experiences best suited to the students in the class.

For each unit of work or weekly plan, the whole class will work on the same topic or theme. However, the activities completed by each student will depend on what you want them to learn, based on the syllabus documents you are

using and the pupils level of development. There are methods and strategies that teachers can use to assist with their planning for a multigrade class.

Multigrade Teaching project Cambodia