Since several years, the government of Cambodia has prioritised educational reform for socio-economic development
and poverty reduction of the country. Access to basic education for all children is one of the MDGs.
Many donors and NGOs have been involved in the reform process, mainly focussing on primary education and
obtained some improvement. Up till now, little or no attention was made to lower secondary education.
Statistics show the need to improve the quality of lower secondary education and the government encouraging
donors to help.
Belgium is focusing on three provinces in Cambodia: Siem Reap, Otdar Meanchey and Kampong Cham. Otdar Meanchey
hasn’t got a PTTC, and pre-service training is given at the PTTC Siem Reap.
MOEYS has developed a master plan for the development of teacher education (2001/5), which states the strategies that should
be taken by the government. The VVOB project complies with that master plan.
The project will be implemented at the PTTC level, which is an ideal intermediate level to have an impact
on all the stakeholders. It is necessary to keep a good communication network between all stakeholders so that the project
will be very effective on all levels. By implementing the project in the PTTC, schools can be directly influenced, as well
as the POE. It would also enable the MOEYS to revise the curriculum efficiently and implement new teaching methodologies.
It will also help and assist the POE and DOE during the reform process of decentralisation and further capacity building of
A main risk is the motivation of the teachers, which is very low. They might be reluctant to learn new teaching
methods, if the government gives no incentives.
Another risk is the lack of knowledge of foreign languages. It would be helpful if some staff would be trained
in English or French to facilitate communication. Another option is to work with translator.
A main threat is the lack of communication between different institutions and departments. This could be helped by regular
meetings and eventually newsletters, or by a steering committee.